Ранносредновековният железодобивен комплекс Брестница–Полето в Северозападна България: хронология и археометричен анализ (предварителни данни)

The Early Medieval iron bloomery complex Brestnitsa–Poleto in north-western Bulgaria: chronology and archaeometric analysis (preliminary data)

Authors

  • Stiliyan Ivanov National Institute of Archaeology with Museum, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Branch Veliko Tarnovo, 29 Ivan Vazov Str., 5000 Veliko Tarnovo
  • Georgi Avdeev Laboratory of X-ray Diffraction Methods and Computed Tomography, Institute of Physical Chemistry “Rostislaw Kaischew”, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., bl. 11, 1113 Sofia
  • Doroteia Giurdzhiiska-Ivanova Department Immovable cultural heritage, Ministry of Culture, 17 Al. Stamboliiski Blvd., 1040 Sofia
  • Boyka Zlateva Center for Archaeometry with a laboratory for restoration and conservation, Sofia University “St. Kliment Ohridski”, 15 Tsar Osvoboditel Blvd., 1504 Sofia
  • Deyan Lesigyarski Department Earth Magnetism, National Institute in Geophysics, Geodesy and Geography Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., bl. 3, 1113 Sofia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.57573/be-ja.12.133-158

Keywords:

Northwestern Bulgaria, ironmaking, ironworks, Early Medieval Europe, First Bulgarian Kingdom, Pliska, Preslav, ore, slag, blooms, bloomery, archaeometry, XRF, XRD, optical microscopy

Abstract

The research subject is the newly discovered Early Medieval metallurgical complex Brestnitsa–Poleto in northwestern Bulgaria. The preliminary results of the conducted excavations and laboratory analyses presented here focus on the discovered bloomery structures and related finds in order to clarify the chronology and architecture of the features, as well as the technological processes.
The dating of the archaeological structures derives from field observations of the horizontal stratigraphy, the characteristics of the ceramic complex, the metal finds and from the radiocarbon samples. To clarify the technology, many ore pieces, slags and blooms have been analysed. Basic analytical techniques include XRD, XRF and optical microscopy.
The results of the research prove that there was a hitherto unknown bloomery centre with a settlement in the Poleto locality, which is the first fully studied Early Medieval iron making complex in the Balkan Peninsula.

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Published

2022-06-10

How to Cite

Ivanov, S., Avdeev, G., Giurdzhiiska-Ivanova, D., Zlateva, B. and Lesigyarski, D. (2022) “Ранносредновековният железодобивен комплекс Брестница–Полето в Северозападна България: хронология и археометричен анализ (предварителни данни): The Early Medieval iron bloomery complex Brestnitsa–Poleto in north-western Bulgaria: chronology and archaeometric analysis (preliminary data)”, Bulgarian e-Journal of Archaeology | Българско е-Списание за Археология, 12(1), pp. 133–158. doi: 10.57573/be-ja.12.133-158.

Issue

Section

Archaeometry