Offsite studies at Pietrele, Măgura Gorgana: flat settlement formation around a Copper Age tell site in the Lower Danube


  • Sven Brummack Institut für Prähistorische Archäologie, Freie Universität Berlin, Benkertstrasse 20, D-14467 Potsdam
  • Mehmet Karaucak Eurasien Abteilung, Deutsches Archäologisches Institut, Im Dol 2-6, Haus II, D-14195 Berlin


Copper Age, KGK-VI, Lower Danube, Tell settlement, Flat settlement


The Lower Danube region provides an opportunity to study the spatial organization of Copper Age tell settlements. In this short paper, we will try to explore the areas outside the tell site itself, and provide new evidence for the settlement organization in the outer settlement area. Essentially, the new data generated by geophysical prospection, which was later confirmed by trench excavations, brought into discussion the presence, variety and the character of outer settlement features encountered in the immediate environment of a Gumelnița tell in Pietrele, circa 4600/4550 to 4300/4250 BC.
The exploration of the flat site might have ramifications for how we think human interactions and networks took shape in the vicinity of Copper Age tell settlements. In order to approach these issues, the first part of the paper deals with the definitions and problems, the second and the third part deal with the contexts themselves as uncovered in two trenches in the outer settlement. The final part provides a brief outlook and puts the ramifications of the features discussed into a broader perspective.


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