Chalcolithic pottery from Aktopraklık Höyük in Northwestern Anatolia
Aktopraklık is situated 25 km west of Bursa and located on one of the eastern terraces of Lake Ulubat. Having started in the late 7th millenium, a process has been traced uninterruptedly for a period of nearly one thousand years. In Aktopraklık, the Neolithic and Chalcolithic layers have been detected at three different mound formations which we have labelled as A, B and C. In Area B, the remnants of a settlement, which are characterised with the wattle and daub structures and which date to the Early Chalcolithic Era (around 5800–5700 BC), have been detected. Limited area of this layer has been unearthed; thus, our knowledge about this phase’s settlement plan is limited, but it is clear that this layer shows close similarities with Ilıpınar VII in terms of its architectural technique. This paper presents technological and typological concept of this phase’s pottery assemblage. Examining the technological and typological concept of the pottery assemblage of this phase has an importance for understanding the meaning of pottery production and its usage primarily in Aktopraklık scale and then in the region during that period. Archaeometric analysis on the pottery has not been carried out. The pottery assemblage of this layer is divided into groups. Additives, firing conditions and surface colours are taken into consideration during this process, and a typological concept is functionally classified. Pottery assemblage of this layer shows similarities with other settlements that are not only from Northwest Anatolia, but also from other regions in Anatolia and East Thrace. This article aims to contribute to the understanding of this period of time in Aktopraklık scale by evaluating and comparing pottery assemblage from wattle and daub layer according to its material-technique and typological concept.