Bulgarian e-Journal of Archaeology / Българско е-Списание за Археология https://be-ja.org/index.php/Be-JA <p>Be-JA (ISSN 1314-5088) is a peer-reviewed open access journal, published by the Association of Bulgarian Archaeologists (ABA) twice a year (June and December).</p> <p>Бе-СА (ISSN 1314-5088) е списание с отворен достъп, издание на Асоциацията на българските археолози (АБА) и излиза в две книжки годишно (юни и декември).</p> <p>All papers in Be-JA are submitted to peer review</p> Association of Bulgarian Archaeologists / Асоциация на българските археолози en-US Bulgarian e-Journal of Archaeology / Българско е-Списание за Археология 1314-5088 <p>The authors retain full copyright on the articles or other publications.</p> <p>All materials are published under the <a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/">Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives 4.0 International License</a>, under which materials may be distributed or reproduced freely, provided the original is unchanged and is quoted correctly.</p> Reflexions on the First to Second Mesolithic transition based on the stratigraphy from the Cuzoul de Gramat rock shelter (south-west France) https://be-ja.org/index.php/Be-JA/article/view/183 <p>At the turn of the 7<sup>th</sup> millennium cal. BC the European Mesolithic underwent a major transformation in its technical traditions. This break is marked by a complete renewal of the lithic industries, with the disappearance of the production of bladelets&nbsp;(or slim flakes) obtained by direct percussion,&nbsp;used for the shaping of&nbsp;narrow armatures, and the&nbsp;appearance of standardised blades production, obtained by indirect percussion or pressure, used for the manufacture of&nbsp;trapeze armatures or notched blades. This break allows for a clear distinction between&nbsp;the First and Second Mesolithic.<br>Recent work has been undertaken&nbsp;on this question, including collective works in collaborative programs (in particular those undertaken by T. Perrin) and the&nbsp;excavation of&nbsp;sites documenting this period. New analysis offers a fresh look at this key moment of the European Mesolithic. <br>In light of recent evidences gathered in the Cuzoul of Gramat site (where excavations have been resumed since 2005 under the direction of N. Valdeyron), this paper propose to reassess the question of this transition between First and Second Mesolithic.</p> Guilhem Constans Bori Sam Nicolas Valdeyron ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-06-26 2019-06-26 9 1 1 23 Late Neolithic/Early Chalcolithic period: white on red paint decorated pottery tradition at the Burdur–Antalya Region (Turkey) https://be-ja.org/index.php/Be-JA/article/view/185 <p>Red on cream painted pottery from the Early Neolithic Period is a regular find at excavations of settlements like Hacılar, Kuruçay, Höyücek, and Bademağacı located at the Burdur–Antalya region of Turkey. In terms of Anatolian prehistory, the area is known to be one of the best explored provinces. Except Hacılar, white on red painted pottery that appeared in the Late Neolithic/Early Chalcolithic Period (LN/ECh) (ca. 5800 BC) was uncovered at Höyücek and Bademağacı in mixed contexts without possible links to particular architectural levels. The phenomenon of later appearance of white on red painted pottery at the Burdur–Antalya region, as compared to the red painted on cream decoration style, along with its fewer examples indicate that this tradition must have been imported to the region.</p> Aslıhan Yurtsever Beyazıt ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-06-26 2019-06-26 9 1 23 43 Adaptation of taiga migrants among local forest-steppe population in the western part of Western Siberia https://be-ja.org/index.php/Be-JA/article/view/186 <p>Natural and climatic changes at the end of the 2<sup>nd</sup> – beginning of the 1<sup>st</sup> millennium BC, called “environmental stress”, caused a severe crisis in the economic systems of the Late Bronze societies living in the tundra-taiga and the forest-steppe zones of Western Siberia. The tundra-taiga areas were flooded and quickly swamped as a result of humidification and a drop in temperature, thus becoming unsuitable for human habitation. A mass migration of the taiga population has began to the south along the major rivers – the Ob, Irtysh, Tobol, and Ishim. The migrants occupied the sub-taiga and northern forest-steppe regions and brought their traditions of house-building, burial rites, pottery and tool-making technologies. They also continued to practice their traditional predatory economy oriented towards activities such as hunting and fishing in the territories inhabited by local Late Bronze populations. However, the economy, based on appropriation, proved to be non-viable in the conditions of the forest-steppe zone, where the economy was oriented towards cattle-breeding, resulting in the assimilation of the northern migrants. This assimilation of alien groups among the local forest-steppe population took around 200 years (7<sup>th</sup> to 6<sup>th</sup> centuries BC). As a result, several new cultures evolved in Western Siberia by the middle of the 1<sup>st</sup> millennium BC.</p> Svetlana Tsembalyuk ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-06-26 2019-06-26 9 1 45 60 The Nebelivka experimental house construction and house-burning, 2014–2015 https://be-ja.org/index.php/Be-JA/article/view/187 <p>One of the research goals of the AHRC-funded “Early urbanism in Europe?: the case of the Trypillia mega-sites, Ukraine” Project was the better understanding of how Trypillia houses burned down in order to aid our understanding of the taphonomy of house remains excavated at the Trypillia BII mega-site of Nebelivka. For that reason, the Project decided to build two 2/3 size Trypillia experimental houses – one single-storey and one two-storey – in order to compare the burnt remains of the two types of houses. In the first part of this article, we explain the construction methods of the two 4 x 3m houses and the resources utilized to build them. In the second part, we provide an account of the burning of the two-storey house and explain the principal results of the experiment. In conclusion, we seek to define the specific contribution of the Nebelivka experiment not only to the history of Trypillia house-burning but the wider debate of deliberate house-burning.</p> Stuart Johnston John Chapman Bisserka Gaydarska Aleksandr Diachenko Patricia Voke Marco Nebbia Vladyslav Litkevych ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-06-26 2019-06-26 9 1 61 90 За мистериозните острови Милос и Гата край Созопол https://be-ja.org/index.php/Be-JA/article/view/188 <p>Nowadays in the aquatory of Sozopol, ancient Apollonia Pontica, on the Southern Bulgarian Black Sea coast exist three islands – St. Ivan, St. Peter and St. Kirik. Some scholars describing Sozopol and its environment in the late 19<sup>th</sup> century mention another two islets – Milos and Gata. Today they no longer exist. This paper addresses the questions of where these were located, and what was their fate. The research is based on a number of articles concerning the history, archaeology and geography of Sozopol and its area, naval and military maps, pilots and itineraries from the 19<sup>th</sup> – early 20<sup>th</sup> centuries, old pictures, and interviews with local anglers. The conclusions are that Gata is comprised of shallow reefs in the aquatory between the north-eastern shore of St. Kirik island and Sozopol peninsula and Milos was the name given to reefs in the aquatory south of St. Kirik island. Today these rocks are partly covered by an artificial road and island extension build in the 20th century.</p> Nayden Prahov ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-06-26 2019-06-26 9 1 91 118 Enigmatic artefacts from the Chalcolithic tell Petko Karavelovo (Veliko Tarnovo district) https://be-ja.org/index.php/Be-JA/article/view/189 <p>The Chalcolithic Tell Petko Karavelovo reveals a cultural sequence from the Early to the Late Chalcolithic. Apart from evidence of complex building architecture, the tell has produced a rich repertoire of finds of various materials (clay, bone, antler, flint, shell, stone), as well as palaeobotanical and zooarchaeological remains and a series of new 14C dates. This report presents some of the more intriguing recently discovered finds – 3 delicately fashioned objects of bone (though antler is not excluded). These objects are exceptional, with only one known parallel at a site in northwest Bulgaria. It is hoped that publication of these enigmatic items will lead to the recognition of similar artefacts from other contexts and a better understanding of their function and significance.</p> Maria Gurova Alexander Chohadzhiev ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-06-26 2019-06-26 9 1 119 129 Рeцензия на книга: Анелия Божкова. Антична керамика между Хемус, Родопа и Евксинския Понт (VII–I в. пр. Хр.). Характеристика, разпространение и употреба. Велико Търново: Издателство Фабер, 2017 https://be-ja.org/index.php/Be-JA/article/view/190 Totko Stoyanov ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-06-26 2019-06-26 9 1 131 134 Международна конференция „Култура на линейно-лентестата керамика и Винча: формиране и трансформация на раннонеолитните общества в Европа през втората половина на VI хилядолетие пр. Хр.“, 21–23 март, Тюбинген, Германия https://be-ja.org/index.php/Be-JA/article/view/191 Kamen Boyadzhiev ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-06-26 2019-06-26 9 1 135 139