Palaeo-environments of the Balkan Lateglacial and their potential – were humans absent from the Garden of Eden?

Палео-екологична среда през късноледниковия период на Балканите и възможностите, които тя предлага – отсъстват ли хората от ‘Райската градина’?

  • Enikő Magyari Hungarian Natural History Museum, 1088. Baross utca 13. vagy 1431 Budapest, Po-box 137
  • Bisserka Gaydarska Department of Archaeology, Durham University, South Road, Durham DH1 3LE
  • Paul Pettitt Department of Archaeology, Durham University, South Road, Durham DH1 3LE
  • John Chapman Department of Archaeology, Durham University, South Road, Durham DH1 3LE
Keywords: Final Paleolithic, Bulgaria, food, medicine, pollen, Ezero, plant marcrofossils, mating networks

Abstract

The lower part of a sediment core taken from the Ezero lake, next to Tell Ezero, in the Thracian Plain, Bulgaria, covers the period 15500–13500 calBP (Greenland Ice Core Stages G1-1c–1e). The recovery of plant macrofossils as well as pollen grains indicated that, far from a largely treeless grassy steppe vegetation, there were stands of trees and bushes as well as a rich wetland flora. Archaeological, ethnographic and ethnohistoric investigations of over 70 plant taxa showed that 20 taxa had documented use exclusively for food, 14 for exclusively medicinal use and 14 for both uses; moreover, several taxa were utilised or present in coeval sites such as the Franchthi Cave and in southwest Germany. The presumption is that Final Palaeolithic communities in the Thracian Plain would have made good use of such a rich supply of food and medicinal plants. However, there is a variety of reasons – whether taphonomic, research led or pedagogical – for the current absence of any Final Palaeolithic sites in the Thracian Plain. A hypothetical mating network centred on Ezero puts this problem in spatial context.

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Published
2013-06-15
How to Cite
Magyari, E., Gaydarska, B., Pettitt, P. and Chapman, J. (2013) “Palaeo-environments of the Balkan Lateglacial and their potential – were humans absent from the Garden of Eden?”, Bulgarian e-Journal of Archaeology / Българско е-Списание за Археология, 3(1), pp. 1-30. Available at: https://be-ja.org/index.php/Be-JA/article/view/30 (Accessed: 16November2019).
Section
Papers / Статии
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