Bulgarian e-Journal of Archaeology / Българско е-Списание за Археология http://be-ja.org/index.php/Be-JA <p>Be-JA (ISSN 1314-5088) is a peer-reviewed open access journal, published by the Association of Bulgarian Archaeologists (ABA) twice a year (June and December).</p> <p>Бе-СА (ISSN 1314-5088) е списание с отворен достъп, издание на Асоциацията на българските археолози (АБА) и излиза в две книжки годишно (юни и декември).</p> <p>All papers in Be-JA are submitted to peer review</p> Association of Bulgarian Archaeologists / Асоциация на българските археолози en-US Bulgarian e-Journal of Archaeology / Българско е-Списание за Археология 1314-5088 <p>The authors retain full copyright on the articles or other publications.</p> <p>All materials are published under the <a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/">Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives 4.0 International License</a>, under which materials may be distributed or reproduced freely, provided the original is unchanged and is quoted correctly.</p> Flint assemblages in the context of cultural transition during the 6th millennium BC: a case study from Bulgaria http://be-ja.org/index.php/Be-JA/article/view/172 <p>This paper offers a general overview of the chipped stone assemblages from Bulgaria during the Neolithic period (6<sup>th</sup> millennium BC). Based on numerous flint assemblages belonging to different phases of the Neolithic (many of them studied by the author), some general observations on the key features and trends are presented in a diachronic perspective. Following a long phase characterized by distinctive formal toolkits and uniform raw material use that served as the hallmark of a major Early Neolithic cultural alliance represented by the Karanovo I and II cultures, a shift in all aspects of the flint industry occurred around 5500 cal BC. The Balkan flint raw material distribution network declined, and there appeared chipped stone industries based mainly on local resources and expedient production. Strong evidence of microlithization – represented both by cores and tools with small dimensions and by the presence of geometric microliths – is reflected clearly in the morpho-metric parameters and typological repertoire of the flint industry, and can be regarded as a diagnostic feature of the Late Neolithic assemblages.</p> Maria Gurova ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-12-20 2018-12-20 8 2 113 143 New technologies and transformations in the European Bronze Age: the case of Naue II swords http://be-ja.org/index.php/Be-JA/article/view/173 <p>In many aspects, the Bronze Age was a formative epoch in European history. It was a time of movement and change, of travel, contact, cultural transmission and social transformation. To a large degree, the shape of the Bronze Age network that connected the Aegean/Mediterranean regions with the interior of Europe was predetermined by physical geography. Nevertheless, during the Bronze Age cross-cultural connections became increasingly stronger and allowed trade and exchange, as well as other, less peaceful forms of social interactions, to become intensified across vast areas. The archaeological evidence clearly reflects this, and suggests multi-directional interactions, including technological co-evolution, between contemporaneous connected societies. A prime example of this is the diffusion of flange-hilted swords of type “Naue II”, a pan-European weapon technology that bears witness to profound changes in warfare and society. This article provides an evidence-based interpretational framework that focuses on the distribution pattern and archaeological contexts of Naue II, connecting historic events with transformative changes in the material and social fabrics of Bronze Age Europe.</p> Paulina Suchowska-Ducke ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-12-20 2018-12-20 8 2 145 162 An age of transition: ceramic innovations and social changes in the Mirabello gulf during the Middle Minoan period http://be-ja.org/index.php/Be-JA/article/view/175 <p>This paper offers new insights into the social changes that took place in the Mirabello Gulf in eastern Crete during the Middle Minoan (MM) period (<em>ca.</em> 1900-1700 BC). The most significant change appears to have been the transformation of society from localised chiefdoms to decentralised states for the first time in Greek prehistory, and the archaeological finds from the Mirabello area demonstrate that change. Specifically, the newly examined ceramic material from the site of Mochlos furthers our understanding of this transformation, and is discussed here alongside two other factors that also contributed to the development of states: the population increase and the introduction of the potters’ wheel. The production, distribution and consumption of ceramic material in the Mirabello Gulf demonstrates cultural, economic, and social bonds between sites within the region. The introduction of new standardised ceramic shapes, either local or imported, depicts the common production and consumption habits of a unified socio-cultural regional landscape. Considering the new evidence from the perspective of transitions, this paper discusses the transformation in production technology, as well as in decorative schemata in drinking and storage wares like cups and jars from Mochlos as they relate to other changes taking place in the Mirabello region during this period. It also gives a glimpse of how this transition affected the cultural and economic life of the settlement, such as the intensification of local pottery production, and its relation to the centre’s trends, and offers insight about how a primary material can enrich the present model of a new state level society.</p> Georgios Doudalis ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-12-01 2018-12-01 8 2 163 178 Eлементи към конска амуниция от Руец (коментар за формата и функцията им в Тракия) http://be-ja.org/index.php/Be-JA/article/view/176 <p>The article discusses three so far unpublished silver cone-shaped elements of horse-trappings found in the tomb near the village of Ruets, Targovishte region.<br>The tomb near the village of Ruets (old Yrukleler), Targovishte region in North-eastern Bulgaria, was discovered by chance in 1925 in the Maljuk mound located in the Kavatsite locality to the southeast of the village. Vasil Mikov excavated the tomb in the same year. According to the available data, a burial was revealed in the tomb, that in turn was under a mound.<br>The grave goods found in the tomb include a bronze Chalcidian type helmet, a bimetal bell cuirass made of bronze and iron, a folding bronze plate (μίτρη) worn together with/under the bell cuirass, an iron short sword – akinakes, two iron spear heads, eleven bronze arrowheads, a bronze amphora-hydria with images of Sirens in the lower parts of the handles, a bronze strainer, a bronze situla, a bronze vessel – podanipter, a bronze buckle, an iron bridle, two bone objects, a glass vessel (aryballos) and a fragment of a red-figured hydria. At present they are stored in the National Archaeological Institute with Museum at the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia. Due to the nature of their discovery, it is unclear whether these are all grave goods to the buried warrior. Tree silver cone-shaped elements of horse-trappings are also among the items mentioned above and they are the subject of the present study.</p> Yavor Ivanov ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-12-20 2018-12-20 8 2 179 195 Проект „Археологическа карта на България“ http://be-ja.org/index.php/Be-JA/article/view/177 <p>The article presents the results of the “Archaeological Map of Bulgaria” – project of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences carried out in 2017 and 2018. The main activities of the project include field surveys for the completion of the database of Archaeological map of Bulgaria (AMB), airborne laser scanning of micro-regions with high concentration of significant archaeological sites and development of new GIS software for the needs of AMB. The project involves scientists from five institutes, part of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, who contribute to the improvement and software development of the AMB Information system.</p> Georgi Nekhrizov ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-12-20 2018-12-20 8 2 197 212 Археологическа карта на Плиска. Теренни издирвания на територията на Плиска през 2017 г. http://be-ja.org/index.php/Be-JA/article/view/178 <p>The field surveys of the area of Pliska – the first Bulgarian capital – are part of the “Development of the Archaeological Map of Bulgaria” project. At the same time, they are a continuation of the long-term development for completion of the Pliska archaeological map, which began in the distant 1899. The creation of the archaeological map of Pliska has a long history and numerous authors. The main goal has always been the registration of visible sites within the Great earthen rampart – the Outer city of Pliska, as well as in the near vicinity of the town. So far intensive field surveys in the Pliska area were conducted in 2010–2012. In 2017, over a period of 25 days, 4 km2 were covered in the eastern, northern and western parts of the Outer city, which has a total area of ​​23 km<sup>2</sup>. Seventy six sites - settlements, buildings, building complexes, churches and a necropolis were registered. The common criteria for collecting and classifying information from the survey area set the basis for building an objective picture of the settlement structure of the Outer City of Pliska.</p> Andrey Aladzhov Yanko Dimitrov Stanislav Ivanov Stanimir Stoichev Hristina Stoyanova Vladimir Valchev ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-12-20 2018-12-20 8 2 213 232 Chipped stone assemblages of Haci Hüseyin höyük: a new Neolithic site in Gelibolu Peninsula, Turkey. Preliminary results http://be-ja.org/index.php/Be-JA/article/view/179 <p>Recent archaeological work at the Neolithic site of Hacı Hüseyin (also Hüsrev), located in the southern part of the Gelibolu (Gallipoli) peninsula, reveals clear evidence of the presence of a Neolithic settlement that played an important role on the Neolithization of the Thrace region. Discovered during a systematic field survey in the autumn of 2007, Hacı Hüseyin höyük is one of four important Neolithic sites on the Gelibolu Peninsula. Owing to earlier destruction by modern buildings and highway construction along the coast there may originally have been more than these four Neolithic sites in the region. Today the Neolithic settlement of Hacı Hüseyin has the form of a nearly flat settlement divided into two by the road to the village of Bigalı. The intensive fieldwork projects on the peninsula were focused mainly on pre-Neolithic and Neolithic settlements and were undertaken by an interdisciplinary team of archaeologists and geologists. A large number of lithics were collected during 2007–2011 field surveys. This paper presents the preliminary results of a techno-typological analysis of the lithic assemblages from the site.</p> Onur Özbek Maria Gurova ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-12-20 2018-12-20 8 2 233 247 Дванадесети конгрес на Международната асоциация за изучаване на средновековната и съвременна керамика в Средиземноморието http://be-ja.org/index.php/Be-JA/article/view/180 Evelina Todorova ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-12-20 2018-12-20 8 2 249–256 249–256