Bulgarian e-Journal of Archaeology / Българско е-Списание за Археология http://be-ja.org/index.php/Be-JA <p>Be-JA (ISSN 1314-5088) is a peer-reviewed open access journal, published by the Association of Bulgarian Archaeologists (ABA) twice a year (June and December).</p> <p>Бе-СА (ISSN 1314-5088) е списание с отворен достъп, издание на Асоциацията на българските археолози (АБА) и излиза в две книжки годишно (юни и декември).</p> <p>All papers in Be-JA are submitted to peer review</p> Association of Bulgarian Archaeologists / Асоциация на българските археолози en-US Bulgarian e-Journal of Archaeology / Българско е-Списание за Археология 1314-5088 <p>The authors retain full copyright on the articles or other publications.</p> <p>All materials are published under the <a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/">Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives 4.0 International License</a>, under which materials may be distributed or reproduced freely, provided the original is unchanged and is quoted correctly.</p> Глинени масички от неолитното селище до град Върбица, област Шумен http://be-ja.org/index.php/Be-JA/article/view/34 <p>This report presents 16 fragments of clay miniature tables found in the Neolithic settlement near the town of Varbitsa. They derive from different stratigraphic levels. Nine fall in the period Karanovo II-III (№1-9), six are found in layers that are associated with Karanovo II (№10-15) and one originates from a stratigraphic level that represents the boundary between Karanovo I and Karanovo II (№16). Only six of the finds have an indication for their shape– five are triangular and one is rectangular. Three examples give some information about the height of the artefacts – between 6,2 and 7,7 cm, while the reconstructed length of the walls is around 15 cm. The clay tables have several techniques and motifs of decoration. The technological, formal and decorational characteristic of the miniature clay tables from Varbitsa are very similar to the multiple finds of the same kind from other Neolithic settlements at the Balkans.</p> Svetlana Venelinova Valeri Grigorov ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2017-12-18 2017-12-18 7 2 173 197 Надписи от Кабиле. Нови прочити и тълкувания http://be-ja.org/index.php/Be-JA/article/view/35 <p>The article proposes revised reading of several inscriptions from Cabyle. Two Hellenistic fragments are shown to belong to a decree honouring Kriton, son of Euma[chos] or Euma[res], who was put in charge of the city or the neighbouring territories and provided many great services to the citizens. Two alleged mentions of Celts (Γαλά[ται]) in Hellenistic fragments are proved to be misreading. In two inscriptions of AD 135-136, the nomen of the provincial governor ---rius Fronto is reconstructed as Cavarius. A consular date corresponding to AD 208 is restored in an inscription for the construction of a temple for Jupiter Optimus Maximus Dolichenus, which provides a date for the governor of Thrace Q. Egnatius Proculus. Several inscriptions are shown to mention military officers – a prefect, a centurion, and a duplicarius. A fragment erroneously thought to belong to a funerary monument is now read as a dedication to Phoebus and is identified as a fragment from a statue of the god. A Greek inscription, which was only partially read and incorrectly dated to the first half of the third century, in fact belongs to the period of the First Tetrarchy and documents the building of the fortifications of Cabyle under the governor Domitius Domninus in AD 297. Another inscription, from the time of the Fourth Tetrarchy (AD 309-310), is about the construction of a gynaeceum (state textile workshop), being the only such inscription hitherto found on the territory of the Roman Empire. The two tetrarchic inscriptions also reveal the new status of Cabyle in that period – previously a military camp (castra), it was raised to a city, with the title “the splendid city of Cabyle” (ἡ λαμπρὰ Καβυληνῶν πόλις). The main magistrate of the new city was the λογιστής (= curator civitatis), and the first members of the city’s curia were called δεκάπρωτοι (as a translation of the Latin decemprimi).</p> Nikolay Sharankov ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2017-12-18 2017-12-18 7 2 199 243 Earthenware in private worship. Examples from Serdica http://be-ja.org/index.php/Be-JA/article/view/36 <p>The paper presents 10 clay censers and thymiateria found in Serdica, present-day Sofia, Bulgaria, during archaeological excavations 2010-2012. All items were found in private houses which presumes their use in domestic cult rituals. According to their formal features the incense burners belong to two main types: burners with pierced walls on a flat base and ribbed conical bowls on a hollow pedestal. The clay thymiateria have different forms: with cylindrical shaft, with prismatic shaft and in the shape of a pine-cone. From chronological point of view the finds cover the entire period from the late 1st c. AD to the middle of the 3rd c. AD. Together with other items of religious practices (terracotta figurines, votive plates etc.) found in the excavated buildings they provide an opportunity to cast some light on the private cult activities and to suggest a probable location of the domestic worship places. In addition, the finds in question are good examples for the continuity of the tradition to use specific pottery items in private cult practices.</p> Mario Ivanov ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2017-12-18 2017-12-18 7 2 245 260 Ground stone tools from the Late Neolithic site Hlebozavoda, Nova Zagora district http://be-ja.org/index.php/Be-JA/article/view/37 <p>The materials from the Late Neolithic site Hlebozavoda provide important information about the changes in the ground stone tool production as well as their use during the occupation of the site. The analyses of the raw materials, together with the study of production techniques, the artefacts’ particularities and their stratigraphic position have strongly suggested that although ground stone tools production was taking place at the site, it was not an important part of its economy.<br>Two finds are of special interest: a fragment of quartz adze and a fragment of marble mace head. These two artefacts are not common in the Late Neolithic and most probably have a representative or symbolic character. The raw material of the mace head is most probably imported from the region around Topolovgard and Elhovo, some 55 km to the southeast from the site. <br>Considering the data from the separate building horizons, a steady decline of ground stone tool production and use is observed. This situation may account for the restriction of the raw material supply area and the resulting use of limited rock types. On the basis of the accumulated data and observations about the separate occupation stages, we believe that this state of affairs is related to the slow decline of the settlement. </p> Iliya Hadzhipetkov ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2017-12-18 2017-12-18 7 2 261 274 Ножче със сребърен обков от Плиска http://be-ja.org/index.php/Be-JA/article/view/38 <p>This report presents a luxury knife with silver. It was found in 2014 during the archaeological campaign in ‘Palace centre – east’ in the inner town of Pliska. The casing has been decorated with various motifs. A major component of this decoration is the image of a lion. The casing is made of silver sheet and the surface of the side depicting the lion is gilded. According to its stratigraphic position the knife derives from the ‘Byzantine’ period of Pliska and its latest date of use is around 1030-40s. The decorative motifs and especially the lion figure put the knife in the cultural context of the Byzantine metal artwork. </p> Valeri Grigorov ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2017-12-18 2017-12-18 7 2 275 281 Article review: Stanimira Taneva, Nikolay Sirakov. Hotnitsa-Orlovka Microperforators - Endscrapers: A Diagnostic Element of Pre-Neolithic Regional Lithic Traditions and Its Participation in the Balkan Neolithization. Archaeologia Bulgarica XXI.2, 2017 http://be-ja.org/index.php/Be-JA/article/view/39 Maria Gurova ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2017-12-18 2017-12-18 7 2 283 286 Book Review: Agathe Reingruber, Zoï Tsirtsoni, Petranka Nedelcheva (eds), Going West? The Dissemination of Neolithic Innovations between the Bosporus and the Carpathians. London: Routledge/European Association of Archaeologists, 2017, 184 pages http://be-ja.org/index.php/Be-JA/article/view/40 Clive Bonsall ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2017-12-18 2017-12-18 7 2 287 290 Рецензия на книга: Aaron N. Shugar, Jennifer L. Mass (eds), Handheld XRF for Art and Archaeology. Leuven: Leuven University Press, 2012. Studies in Archaeological Sciences 3, ISBN 978-90-5867-934-5 http://be-ja.org/index.php/Be-JA/article/view/41 Ivelin Kuleff ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2017-12-18 2017-12-18 7 2 291 299 „Ранносредновековни и средновековни транспортни контейнери (VIII-XII в.). Производствени центрове, съдържание и мрежи на разпространение. В памет на Фабиола Ардицоне” http://be-ja.org/index.php/Be-JA/article/view/42 Evelina Todorova ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2017-12-18 2017-12-18 7 2 301 305 Международна научна конференция „Археология на средновековния храм“ (по случай 170-та годишнина на К.К. Косцюшко-Валюжинич), Държавен музей-резерват „Херсонес-Таврически“, 25-29 септември 2017 г. http://be-ja.org/index.php/Be-JA/article/view/43 Snezhana Goryanova ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2017-12-18 2017-12-18 7 2 307 312 13-ти Международен конгрес по тракология „Древна Тракия: мит и реалност“, 3-7 септември 2017 г. Казанлък, България http://be-ja.org/index.php/Be-JA/article/view/44 Julia Tzvetkova Totko Stoyanov Dilyana Boteva ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2017-12-18 2017-12-18 7 2 313 321