The idea of integrated approach to cultural heritage management is a product of the 20th century. Before that, different scientific fields dealt with specific parts of cultural heritage (archaeology, architecture, art history, ethnology and other social sciences as well as different institutions – scientific academies, museums, universities, libraries and archives, etc.). The historical overview of the cultural heritage management deals with the process from the birth of the idea of heritage protection to the current state of art of this field in Hungary.
The author uses Krysztof Pomian’s model on French nation-building as the main methodological framework for the paper, which model is also cited by Gabor Sonkoly, the acknowledged historian of the Hungarian cultural heritage, in his lecture “The Social History of the Cultural Heritage Protection in Hungary”. According to the latter, the history of the Hungarian cultural heritage management cannot be examined separately from the question of national identity.
The history of the Hungarian cultural heritage management develops through four major periods which are briefly presented in the paper. In addition some aspects of the Hungarian Heritage Management are emphasized, which are of interest for Bulgarian specialists dealing with the problems of cultural heritage.