The microbial diversity in caves and the role of microbial communities in rock paintings destruction is a topic of present interest.
The aim of the recent study is focused on the characterization of the microbial communities inhabiting the Magura Cave in order to develop a strategy for conservation of the unique paintings in the cave. Aimed at estimating the dynamics of microbial populations inhabiting the Magura Cave, four subsequent samplings were done in the course of twelve months.
The comparative analysis of the microbial communities clearly demonstrates that each sample, respectively location, possess a unique microbial population structure and specific ratios between the different target groups, slightly changed during the monitoring investigation.
The analysis revealed the presence of all tested physiological groups with the predominance of psychrophiles and oligiocarbophiles. Slightly variations in the number of actinomyces and fungi were observed among the different locations.